Statistics And Comparative Characteristics Of Male And Female Menopaus
Here we talk about male menopause: it has nothing in common with female menopause. It is caused by the decrease of testosterone; this hormone is the leading sex hormone in the male body. Anabolic testosterone`s effect stimulates muscle growth, firms born tissue and accelerates bone growth. Formation of male qualities, development of the urogenital system, enhancement of libido, control of erectile function and spermatogenesis are caused by the influence of testosterone`s androgenic nature.
Women have the limited number of ovums, so female menopause occurs due to decreased production of estrogen because of the termination of their reproduction. And this female sex hormone is secreted, mainly, by follicular apparatus of the ovaries.
In men, as in women, the gradual reduction of the synthesis of sex hormones in the body naturally occurs is, since 45 years, when the development of the male sex hormone testosterone. The natural rhythm of decrease in testosterone production is 1% per year. In some cases, a decrease in testosterone synthesis activity is faster, or the body’s response to this process can be accompanied by a number of pathological manifestations, which are actually defined as male menopause. At a time when the testosterone level is significantly lower than normal, the body reacts to all of the above clinical symptoms of testosterone deficiency. If you have noticed at one or more of the symptoms described below should not think that this is a phenomenon of the age. With the unpleasant symptoms of male menopause can and must be fought! Modern medicine is able to effectively influence both the causes and the unpleasant consequences of male menopause, to reduce their harmful effects on the male body and almost completely restore its normal functioning, restoring a sense of youth. Therefore, when a decrease in testosterone symptoms do not delay your visit to the specialist. You will be a thorough examination and appropriate treatment, which aims to prevent the onset or reduce the symptoms of hypogonadism. According to US scientists 13.8 million men aged 45 years and older who visited their primary care physician in the United States may have hypogonadism. However, only 1.3 million of them receive treatment, and 12.5 million are left without treatment.
If the extinction of the work on the hypothalamus and pituitary hormone production starts before 45 years, it is called early menopause. If at the same time he is accompanied by changes in the cardiovascular and urogenital system, on the background begin to develop endocrine disorders, it is defined as a pathological climax. If the process of inhibition of testosterone production begins after 60 years, it is called a late menopause.
Moving men from the state of maturity in the state old age is accompanied by certain symptoms. Permanent signs observed in all men at this period – is the appearance of an old man’s gruff, rapid fatigue, neurotic disorders.
SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS IN THE BODY
Symptoms of male menopause symptoms are different and related to the natural decline in hormonal levels. At this point in life in men begin hot flashes, they sweat a lot, his face reddens, the fluid in the body is delayed and is rapidly gaining weight. Almost all men with early menopause there is a decrease of libido and weak erection is of short duration. Some men have accelerated ejaculation and there are emotional feelings about it.
Violations of the production of male hormones lead to dramatic changes man’s appearance. From slim fit with the stomach and inflated muscles of a young man, he is gradually turning into an old man. It appears sagging skin and muscles, muscle tissue decreases and is replaced by fat. Calcium deficiency is osteoporosis, a disease which gives a reduction in growth.
After the onset of male menopause increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks. These diseases are beginning to threaten because of an overabundance of cholesterol, which in young active years left on the production of testosterone, and with it a decrease remained unclaimed. Excess cholesterol begins to fill the containers, create traffic jams and cholesterol can clog blood vessels. Atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes mellitus develops in reducing the work of the endocrine glands.
Man becomes violent in this period. angry outbursts alternate bouts of apathy. If you start in this difficult time to focus their attention to the ongoing restructuring of the hormonal and sensations that it brings, can develop mental illness.
Menopause affects the development of disorders in the activity of the prostate gland. Prostate menopause in men begins to increase. Most often develops BPH, which can appear after 30 years, if it will be favorable factors. By the age of seventy is a disease observed in 7 out of 10. Sometimes people develop malignant prostate tumor. Medicine is not fully explored the issue of prostate cancer. With the advent of man menopause begin to attack a variety of diseases peculiar to the elderly. Among them can start their development of Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. All the symptoms of menopause developing can be cured, using modern diagnostic and treatment methods.
Thus, to sum up with a generalized classification of symptoms:
- Sexual symptoms: decreased libido, deterioration in quality and frequency of erections, especially the night, difficulty achieving orgasm, and decrease in intensity, a decrease in the sensitivity of the penis. Decrease or loss of sexual desire, as well as the deterioration of the erection may be the only manifestation of age-related androgen deficiency in men. And this is the reason most often leading to treatment doctor urologist-andrologist.
- Psychoemotional and behavioral symptoms: decreased emotional background, bad mood until the depression, reduced mental and physical performance, memory impairment, excessive daytime sleepiness and sleep at night, the weakening of memory and attention, poor emotion, a sense of fear;
- Vegetative-vascular symptoms: blood pressure instability with a tendency to hypertension, palpitations, heart pain, headaches, excessive sweating, dizziness, hot flashes, frequent constipation.
- Metabolic disorders, there are increasing relative fat mass and a decrease in muscle mass and muscle strength, reduced physical endurance, decrease the rate of hair growth, skin atrophy, anemia, increased bone fragility or osteoporosis.
Of course, one person often does not occur all of the symptoms of male menopause. However, the beginning and the development of this condition can lead to a significant deterioration in the quality of life and premature aging. English scientists proved significantly increased relative risk of developing diabetes, myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease, sudden cardiac death in men with hypogonadism.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF MALE MENOPAUSE
If you have symptoms of menopause in men treatment is carried out only after the differential diagnosis with other diseases. It is based on a survey and examination of the patient, on the semen analysis and clinical analyzes, establishing hormonal blood profile (total and free testosterone, luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone, prolactin, estradiol), on pelvic ultrasound, computed cranial tomography, on the identification of related chronic diseases . One of the basic tests – the study of testosterone content in the blood plasma, which is performed in the morning on an empty stomach. Normally, the lower limit of total testosterone of 12 nmol / l, free – 250 pmol / L. These tests shall be repeated to evaluate the dynamic changes. The principles of treatment with andropause consider multifactorial disorders and concluded a comprehensive approach. This approach includes: derivatives of testosterone replacement therapy. These drugs are in menopause in men are appointed with a decrease in total testosterone levels below 8 nmol / l, free – less than 180 pmol / L. In rare cases, they are administered in the absence of significant decrease of testosterone, since it can be reduced sensitivity to peripheral receptors. Drugs that stimulate the synthesis of sex hormones own. Sedatives and antidepressants. Correction of erectile dysfunction. Treatment related or arising in connection with the climax of disease and functional disorders. Correction power, vitamin therapy and physical therapy. The main preparations of testosterone in male menopause: capsules – Andriol; Injectable – Sustanon (mixture of 4 esters of testosterone) Omnadren, Sustaretard, Testosterone propionate, etc .; Tetrasteron transdermal (in a transdermal patch with androgens), dihydrotestosterone, applied to the skin as a gel.
SOME OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS, WHICH SOBLEDENIE LEADS TO ACHIEVING BETTER HEALTH OUTCOMES
In the treatment of male menopause need to follow some guidelines. First of all, we should normalize the work and rest, to organize breaks, shift work. Try to move more, go on nature, do physical exercises. Strongly recommended during menopause smoking and drinking spirits, they are only a temporary improvement occurs. Still you have to change the type of food. It is desirable to eliminate from the diet of fried foods, meats, sweets, jams, biscuits and cakes, as well as to limit the use of animal fats, white bread, soft cheese varieties and carbonated drinks. It is necessary to eat more bran or rye bread, porridge, cottage cheese, yogurt, soup of lean meat and fish, vegetables and unsweetened fruit. You can even take medications that cleanse the liver, because in it are synthesized hormones. For the treatment of male menopause can use the methods of traditional medicine, proven over the years that at long and patient application necessarily facilitate state. To prepare the magic bullet, you will need these herbs: hawthorn flowers, St. John’s, shepherd’s purse, fragrant woodruff. It is necessary to make a water bath or in a thermos for 2 tablespoons of dry grass for an hour, then strain and take half a cup 3 times a day. You can also brew special tea from the leaves of blackberry, hawthorn, woodruff fragrant, grass motherwort and uliginose. Excellent bee products enhance immunity, garlic, aloe leaves, grass immortelle, chamomile, birch buds, leaves and berries cranberries, wild cherry berry, rhodiola rosea root and lemon. For a period of menopause, boys should be with a young child and it is easier to stay longer you can survive to teach healthy lifestyles. It is imperative to follow the man’s clothes. In no case cannot wear tight swimming trunks and shorts the whole year, as it leads to mechanical compression of the genital organs and blood stagnation. It is necessary to promptly treat any inflammatory disease of the testes. In most cases, they are a complication of infections and not immediately noticeable. If a man has a sedentary job, then eventually it will necessarily be reflected in the sexual function and lead to early menopause. So just needed exercise. In addition, the man still heals regular sexual relations. In any case, do not just sit and wait for the anxiety symptoms of menopause, you should periodically visit the doctor and use it to take the necessary in a specific case of prevention measures to avoid too ill health during menopause or the development of other serious diseases.